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“All human beings are born free and equal

in dignity and rights.”

- Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Patriarch Abune Antonios


Detained: May 27, 2007.

Charges: No official charges.

Sentence: No official sentence. 

Biography: Eritrean Patriarch Abune Antonios was deposed by the government in 2006 and placed under house arrest after he protested the Eritrean Department of Religious Affairs’ interference in his church’s affairs.  In January 2005, the Patriarch’s annual Nativity message was not broadcast or televised and the Eritrean Holy Synod met in August 2005 with the main purpose of removing all executive authority from the Patriarch.  He was allowed to officiate at church services but prohibited from having any administrative role in church affairs.  Among the accusations brought against the Patriarch, were his reluctance to excommunicate 3,000 members of the Medhane Alem, an Orthodox Sunday School movement and his demands that the government release imprisoned Christians accused of treason.  In January 2006, he was officially removed from his position as head of the Eritrean Orthodox Church and spiritual leader of more than two-million persons and placed under house arrest.  On May 27, 2007, the government installed Bishop Dioscoros of Mendefera as the new Patriarch.  That same day, Abune Antonios was forcibly removed from his residence and transported to an undisclosed location. He was then prevented from communicating with the outside world and reportedly denied medical care. Patriarch Antonios died in custody on February 9, 2022 at the age of 94.

Past Advocate: Rep. Tom Garrett (R-VA, Ret.)

Advocacy Partner: U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom


  • On July 17, 2017, the Eritrean government allowed Patriarch Antonios to make a brief public appearance, his first in ten years of detention, before returning him into their custody. This happened amid increased international pressure for his release (July 21, 2017, La Croix International).
  • There were renewed questions regarding the current status of Patriarch Antonios of the Eritrean Orthodox Church, after he failed to deliver the traditional televised Geez New Year blessing on 11 September. This was seen as further confirmation that the patriarch's apparent release after his public appearance in July was a ruse by the government to offset international criticism (September 16, 2017, Independent Catholic News).
  • In 2019, Patriarch Antonios was expelled from the church by a group of Eritrean Orthodox Bishops for heresy.
  • After 16 years of house arrest, Patriarch Antonios died on February 9, 2022 at the age of 94. He was buried the following day at